- Acidic tasting, warming nature.
- Astringent, antidysenteric.
- Thirst quenching, induces salivation.
- Antioxidative, anti-cancer.
- Leaves are sudorific.
- Studies have shown cytotoxic, antioxidant, antidiabetic, pesticidal, hypolipidemic properties.
· Roots, leaves, and fruits.
· Roots and leaves, collected the year round.
· Fruits, collected May to July.
Tubang-bakod is a smooth, glabrous, erect, branched shrub 2 to 5 meters high. Branches are stout, cylindric, and green. Leaves are entire, orbicular-ovate, angular or somewhat 3- to 5-lobed, 10 to 18 centimeters long, acuminate with a cordate base. Petioles are long. Flowers are greenish or greenish-white, unisexual, 7 to 8 millimeters in diameter, borne on axillary cymes, the staminate ones villous inside, the petals reflexed. Stamens are10, the filaments of the inner 5, connate. Fruits are capsules, at first fleshy, becoming dry, rounded, with 2 to 3 one-seeded divisions, 3 to 4 centimeters long.